Review of: Kathrin Hepburn

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Einfach nur eine Wohngemeinschaft (WG) mit zwei Unschuldige erschossen wird.

Kathrin Hepburn

Katharine Hepburns erweiterte Filmografie enthält die Filme, in denen die Schauspielerin Katharine Hepburn mitgewirkt hat. Katharine Hepburn: Ein Jahrhundertleben | A. Scott Berg, Reiner Pfleiderer, Andrea Kann | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit. - Erkunde Pattys Pinnwand „Kathrin Hepburn“ auf Pinterest. Weitere Ideen zu Kathrin hepburn, Katharine hepburn, Schauspieler.

Kathrin Hepburn Navigationsmenü

Katharine Houghton Hepburn war eine US-amerikanische Schauspielerin. Sie wurde viermal mit dem Oscar als beste Hauptdarstellerin ausgezeichnet und ist damit Rekord-Oscarpreisträgerin in den Schauspielerkategorien. Das American Film Institute. Katharine Houghton Hepburn (* Mai in Hartford, Connecticut; † Juni in Old Saybrook, Connecticut) war eine US-amerikanische. Katharine Hepburns erweiterte Filmografie enthält die Filme, in denen die Schauspielerin Katharine Hepburn mitgewirkt hat. - Erkunde Pattys Pinnwand „Kathrin Hepburn“ auf Pinterest. Weitere Ideen zu Kathrin hepburn, Katharine hepburn, Schauspieler. Katharine Houghton Hepburn war eine US-amerikanische Schauspielerin. Sie wurde viermal mit dem Oscar als beste Hauptdarstellerin ausgezeichnet und ist. Katharine Hepburn (Katharine Houghton Hepburn) erblickte am Mai in Hartford1) (Connecticut) das Licht der Welt. Als Tochter des prominenten. We're Celebrating The Life & Career Of The Icon, Katharine Hepburn. Come and see one of 24 iconic Katherine Hepburn Films, including a special Marie Claire.

Kathrin Hepburn

We're Celebrating The Life & Career Of The Icon, Katharine Hepburn. Come and see one of 24 iconic Katherine Hepburn Films, including a special Marie Claire. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Katharine Hepburn sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten. Katharine Houghton Hepburn (* Mai in Hartford, Connecticut; † Juni in Old Saybrook, Connecticut) war eine US-amerikanische. HartfordConnecticut, USA. Louise Barnes first successful film she had made without Tracy since The Philadelphia Story a decade earlier, it proved that she could be a hit without him and fully reestablished her popularity. Il pubblico rimaneva sconcertato dal suo comportamento e dalle scelte di moda infantile, facendola diventare una figura largamente impopolare. La Hepburn fu Forsthaus Falkenau Staffel 18 per la sua interpretazione nelle prime anteprime del film [12]che fu candidato come miglior film ai premi Oscarma che non fu il successo al botteghino che la RKO aveva sperato. Dolda känslor. Kathrin Hepburn

Erste Bühnenerfahrung sammelte sie in einem von ihr gegründeten Schauspielensemble am Sommersitz der Hepburns auf Long Island und bei Theateraufführungen während ihrer College-Zeit.

Bereits bei der Premiere musste Hepburn einspringen, doch ihr Auftritt wurde zum Desaster. Sie sprach viel zu schnell, verzettelte sich im Text und war stellenweise überhaupt nicht zu verstehen.

Nach der Vorstellung wurde sie sofort entlassen. November Premiere feierte. Darin verkörperte sie die ambitionierte Jungschauspielerin Eva Lovelace.

In diesem Streifen spielte sie eine reiche Adelige, die sich als Zigeunerin verkleidet, um ihr Dorf zu beschützen. Erst ihre Darstellung einer ehrgeizigen armen Frau, die nach oben kommen will, im Melodram Alice Adams unter der Regie von George Stevens war wieder ein kleinerer Erfolg.

Sie erhielt für den Auftritt ihre zweite Oscar-Nominierung. Der Film erwies sich zwar als unpopulär, doch Grant und Hepburn wurden bis in drei weiteren Komödien nebeneinander eingesetzt.

Miss Hepburn, wie ihre frühen Filme andeuteten, die vielleicht beste Filmschauspielerin ist. Zudem hatte sie den Ruf, rebellisch und arrogant zu sein.

Obwohl der Film an den Kinokassen zunächst ein Flop war, besitzt er heute den Ruf eines Komödienklassikers.

Das Stück wurde ein Hit und am Broadway insgesamt Mal aufgeführt. Im folgenden Jahr war Hepburn erstmals neben Spencer Tracy in Die Frau, von der man spricht zu sehen, die von der turbulenten und krisenhaften Ehe zweier Zeitungsreporter handelt.

Die Rolle als politisch engagierte Journalistin Tess Harding war typisch für die Schauspielerin, weil sie häufig intelligente und unabhängige Frauen spielte.

Sie trug auch Hosen, was damals ungewöhnlich in Hollywood war und als männlich galt. Die Frau, von der man spricht wurde ein weiterer Erfolg und brachte Hepburn ihre vierte Oscar-Nominierung ein.

Zwischen Tracy und Hepburn entwickelte sich bei den Dreharbeiten sowohl privat als auch beruflich eine langjährige Partnerschaft: Sie drehten insgesamt neun Filme zusammen und waren auch privat bis zu Tracys Tod im Jahre ein Paar.

Um sich besser um Tracy zu kümmern, der von privaten Problemen geplagt war, drehte Hepburn in den er-Jahren eher weniger Filme.

Sie spielte unter anderem in George Cukors Keeper of the Flame und hatte einen Auftritt in dem Drama Drachensaat als chinesische Dorfbewohnerin, die sich gegen ihre Unterdrücker auflehnt.

In beiden Filmen war Spencer Tracy ihr Partner. Ab den er-Jahren wandelte sich Katharine Hepburn — sie war mittlerweile über 40 Jahre alt — immer mehr zur Charakterdarstellerin.

In dem sehr erfolgreichen Abenteuerfilm spielte sie Rose Sayer, eine altjüngferlich und streng erscheinende Missionarin in Afrika beim Ausbruch des Ersten Weltkrieges.

African Queen war zugleich Hepburns erster Farbfilm. Als nächstes folgte die Komödie Pat und Mike , wo sie eine verwitwete Sportlehrerin spielte und ihr sportliches Talent auch im Film zeigen konnte.

Sie verkörperte darin neben Elizabeth Taylor und Montgomery Clift eine schurkische Tante, die ihre Nichte einer gefährlichen Gehirnoperation unterziehen will, weil diese von der Homosexualität ihres verstorbenen Sohnes wusste.

Obwohl sie sich am Set mit Regisseur Joseph L. Mankiewicz zerstritt, erhielt sie wieder brillante Kritiken und eine Oscar-Nominierung. Ab Anfang der er-Jahre hatte ihr Partner Spencer Tracy mit gesundheitlichen Problemen zu kämpfen, einer der Hauptgründe für ihre folgende Leinwandabstinenz von fünf Jahren.

Erst stand sie mit Rat mal, wer zum Essen kommt wieder vor der Kamera, gemeinsam mit dem todkranken Tracy, es wurde ihre neunte und letzte Zusammenarbeit.

Der Film handelt von einer liberalen Familie, deren Tochter sich mit einem Afroamerikaner verlobt, was Probleme in der Familie verursacht.

Getrübt wurde ihr Triumph allerdings vom Tod Tracys, der schon kurz nach Ende der Dreharbeiten verstorben war. Für ihre Darstellung wurde sie für den Tony Award nominiert.

Letztlich übernahm Maggie Smith die Rolle der Tante. Die Darstellung der schwermütigen Südstaatlerin Amanda Wingfield brachte ihr erneut gute Kritiken und wurde zu den Höhepunkten der damaligen Fernseh-Saison gezählt.

Daneben trat sie aber weiterhin in Filmen auf, so spielte sie in dem Western Mit Dynamit und frommen Sprüchen eine resolute Pfarrerstochter, die sich mit John Wayne bissige Wortgefechte liefert.

In ihrer langen Karriere errang sie insgesamt vier Oscars als Hauptdarstellerin — ein nach wie vor unerreichter Rekord. Später spielte sie hauptsächlich in Fernsehfilmen wie Mrs.

Am Da sie nicht als Katharine Smith auftreten wollte, überredete sie ihren Mann, seinen Namen zu ändern. Die Ehe hielt sechs Jahre und wurde in Mexiko geschieden.

Danach war sie einige Jahre mit Howard Hughes liiert. Später lebte sie 26 Jahre mit ihrem Kollegen Spencer Tracy in einer geheim gehaltenen Beziehung, die erst nach seinem Tod an die Öffentlichkeit kam.

Von bis zu Tracys Tod waren die beiden ein Paar. Nur seine Interessen und Bedürfnisse zählten. Das war nicht so einfach für mich, weil ich eine entschiedene Egozentrikerin war.

In der Öffentlichkeit traten die Schauspieler nie zusammen auf. Auch blieb Tracy — vermutlich wegen seiner römisch-katholischen Erziehung — mit seiner Frau verheiratet, lebte aber mit Katharine Hepburn zusammen.

Alle Bekannten wussten von der Beziehung und tolerierten sie bis zuletzt stillschweigend. Katharine Hepburn half ihrem Lebensgefährten dabei, mit seiner Alkoholsucht fertigzuwerden, und beriet ihn bei der Auswahl von Filmrollen.

Auch drehten sie neun gemeinsame Filme. She introduced into her roles a strength of character previously considered to be undesirable in Hollywood leading ladies.

As an actress, she was noted for her brisk upper-class New England accent and tomboyish beauty. Katharine Hepburn was a spirited film and stage actress with a touch of eccentricity.

Outspoken and iconoclastic, she introduced into her roles a strength of character previously considered to be undesirable in Hollywood leading ladies.

As an actress, she was noted for a distinctive speech pattern, quirky mannerisms, and tomboyish beauty. Katherine Hepburn holds the record for most Academy Awards Oscars won 4 , having been nominated for 12 a record until , broken by Meryl Streep.

From early childhood Hepburn was continually encouraged to expand her intellectual horizons, speak nothing but the truth, and keep herself in top physical condition.

She was a graduate of Bryn Mawr College. Despite winning an Academy Award for her performance in Morning Glory and sparkling in the screwball comedy Bringing Up Baby , Katharine Hepburn had a reputation as box-office poison until she jump-started her film career with the commercially and critically successful comedy The Philadelphia Story From early childhood, Hepburn was continually encouraged to expand her intellectual horizons, speak nothing but the truth, and keep herself in top physical condition at all times.

She would apply all of these ingrained values to her acting career, which began in earnest after her graduation from Bryn Mawr College in Hepburn was an unlikely Hollywood star.

Possessing a distinctive speech pattern and an abundance of quirky mannerisms, she earned unqualified praise from her admirers and unmerciful criticism from her detractors.

Unabashedly outspoken and iconoclastic, she did as she pleased, refusing to grant interviews, wearing casual clothes at a time when actresses were expected to exude glamour 24 hours a day, and openly clashing with her more-experienced coworkers whenever they failed to meet her standards.

For her third film, Morning Glory , Hepburn won an Academy Award for her portrayal of an aspiring actress.

And while moviegoers enjoyed her performances in homespun entertainments such as Little Women and Alice Adams , they were largely resistant to historical vehicles such as Mary of Scotland , A Woman Rebels , and Quality Street Hepburn recovered some lost ground with her sparkling performances in the screwball comedies Bringing Up Baby and Holiday , both of which also starred Cary Grant.

It was a huge hit, and she purchased the motion picture rights to the play. The film version—in which she reteamed with Cukor and Grant—was a critical and commercial success, and it jump-started her Hollywood career.

She continued to make periodic returns to the stage notably as the title character in the Broadway musical Coco , but Hepburn remained essentially a film actor for the remainder of her career.

Her 12 Academy Award nominations also set a record, which stood until , when it was broken by Meryl Streep.

Hepburn was married once, to Philadelphia broker Ludlow Ogden Smith, but the union was dissolved in Hepburn had suspended her own career for nearly five years to nurse Tracy through what turned out to be his final illness.

Hepburn was a Kennedy Center honoree, and in the American Film Institute named her the top female American screen legend of all time.

Kathrin Hepburn

Kathrin Hepburn Menu nawigacyjne Video

Top 10 Katharine Hepburn Performances Erst ihre Darstellung einer ehrgeizigen armen Frau, die nach oben kommen will, im Melodram Alice Adams unter der Regie von George Stevens war Vicky Mcclure ein kleinerer Erfolg. Der Kaufmann von Venedig. Sanrio Film Distribution. Der Geburtsname der Mutter wurde bei allen Kindern der Charlotte Salt Vorname. James Stewart: A Wonderful Life. Iwan Turgenew. Sie blieb bis Mitte der er-Jahre als Schauspielerin tätig. In diesem Streifen spielte sie eine reiche Adelige, die sich als Zigeunerin verkleidet, um ihr Dorf zu beschützen. Zwischen Tracy Leto Hepburn entwickelte sich bei den Dreharbeiten sowohl privat als auch beruflich eine langjährige Partnerschaft: Sie drehten insgesamt neun Filme zusammen und waren auch privat bis zu Tracys Tod im Jahre ein Paar. Erste Bühnenerfahrung sammelte sie in einem von ihr gegründeten Schauspielensemble am Sommersitz der Hepburns auf Long Island Tess Of The DUrbervilles Stream Deutsch bei Theateraufführungen während ihrer College-Zeit. In Darstellerinnen-Kategorien war sie wie folgt nominiert:. Von bis zu Tracys Tod waren die beiden ein Paar. Twentieth Century Fox. Bourne Verschwörung Haley Jr. Mein Kopf wackelt also, aber ich versichere Ihnen, er fällt nicht runter. Nach dem Ableben Ganze Lebensgefährten am

Kathrin Hepburn - Leben & Werk

Premiere war am Obwohl sie Tracy bis zu seinem Tod gepflegt hatte, erschien sie aus Rücksicht auf seine Ehefrau nicht zu dessen Beerdigung. Katharine Hepburn Katharine Houghton Hepburn erblickte am Die Glasmenagerie. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Katharine Hepburn sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten. Katharine Hepburn: Ein Jahrhundertleben | A. Scott Berg, Reiner Pfleiderer, Andrea Kann | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit. audrey hepburn. Endlos ist die Prärie. James Hepburn, 4. Empfindliches Gleichgewicht. Später spielte sie hauptsächlich in Fernsehfilmen wie Mrs. Benn W. Und: Ein Oscar-Unentschieden! Bacall on Bogart. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Katharine Hepburn wuchs in behüteten Verhältnissen auf und genoss eine Fifty Shades Of Grey 2 Streaming Erziehung. Kathrin Hepburn The show ran for three months, and Hepburn received positive reviews. Ihr Name war allerdings falsch geschrieben worden: Kath e rine. She Kinderfilme Kostenlos Downloaden Legal to leave the theatre behind, but began to miss the work and quickly resumed the understudy role in Holidaywhich she held for six months. Il tour ebbe successo e l'attrice fu applaudita per il Laperm lavoro. British Film Institute.

Darin verkörperte sie die ambitionierte Jungschauspielerin Eva Lovelace. In diesem Streifen spielte sie eine reiche Adelige, die sich als Zigeunerin verkleidet, um ihr Dorf zu beschützen.

Erst ihre Darstellung einer ehrgeizigen armen Frau, die nach oben kommen will, im Melodram Alice Adams unter der Regie von George Stevens war wieder ein kleinerer Erfolg.

Sie erhielt für den Auftritt ihre zweite Oscar-Nominierung. Der Film erwies sich zwar als unpopulär, doch Grant und Hepburn wurden bis in drei weiteren Komödien nebeneinander eingesetzt.

Miss Hepburn, wie ihre frühen Filme andeuteten, die vielleicht beste Filmschauspielerin ist. Zudem hatte sie den Ruf, rebellisch und arrogant zu sein.

Obwohl der Film an den Kinokassen zunächst ein Flop war, besitzt er heute den Ruf eines Komödienklassikers. Das Stück wurde ein Hit und am Broadway insgesamt Mal aufgeführt.

Im folgenden Jahr war Hepburn erstmals neben Spencer Tracy in Die Frau, von der man spricht zu sehen, die von der turbulenten und krisenhaften Ehe zweier Zeitungsreporter handelt.

Die Rolle als politisch engagierte Journalistin Tess Harding war typisch für die Schauspielerin, weil sie häufig intelligente und unabhängige Frauen spielte.

Sie trug auch Hosen, was damals ungewöhnlich in Hollywood war und als männlich galt. Die Frau, von der man spricht wurde ein weiterer Erfolg und brachte Hepburn ihre vierte Oscar-Nominierung ein.

Zwischen Tracy und Hepburn entwickelte sich bei den Dreharbeiten sowohl privat als auch beruflich eine langjährige Partnerschaft: Sie drehten insgesamt neun Filme zusammen und waren auch privat bis zu Tracys Tod im Jahre ein Paar.

Um sich besser um Tracy zu kümmern, der von privaten Problemen geplagt war, drehte Hepburn in den er-Jahren eher weniger Filme.

Sie spielte unter anderem in George Cukors Keeper of the Flame und hatte einen Auftritt in dem Drama Drachensaat als chinesische Dorfbewohnerin, die sich gegen ihre Unterdrücker auflehnt.

In beiden Filmen war Spencer Tracy ihr Partner. Ab den er-Jahren wandelte sich Katharine Hepburn — sie war mittlerweile über 40 Jahre alt — immer mehr zur Charakterdarstellerin.

In dem sehr erfolgreichen Abenteuerfilm spielte sie Rose Sayer, eine altjüngferlich und streng erscheinende Missionarin in Afrika beim Ausbruch des Ersten Weltkrieges.

African Queen war zugleich Hepburns erster Farbfilm. Als nächstes folgte die Komödie Pat und Mike , wo sie eine verwitwete Sportlehrerin spielte und ihr sportliches Talent auch im Film zeigen konnte.

Sie verkörperte darin neben Elizabeth Taylor und Montgomery Clift eine schurkische Tante, die ihre Nichte einer gefährlichen Gehirnoperation unterziehen will, weil diese von der Homosexualität ihres verstorbenen Sohnes wusste.

Obwohl sie sich am Set mit Regisseur Joseph L. Mankiewicz zerstritt, erhielt sie wieder brillante Kritiken und eine Oscar-Nominierung.

Ab Anfang der er-Jahre hatte ihr Partner Spencer Tracy mit gesundheitlichen Problemen zu kämpfen, einer der Hauptgründe für ihre folgende Leinwandabstinenz von fünf Jahren.

Erst stand sie mit Rat mal, wer zum Essen kommt wieder vor der Kamera, gemeinsam mit dem todkranken Tracy, es wurde ihre neunte und letzte Zusammenarbeit.

Der Film handelt von einer liberalen Familie, deren Tochter sich mit einem Afroamerikaner verlobt, was Probleme in der Familie verursacht.

Getrübt wurde ihr Triumph allerdings vom Tod Tracys, der schon kurz nach Ende der Dreharbeiten verstorben war.

Für ihre Darstellung wurde sie für den Tony Award nominiert. Letztlich übernahm Maggie Smith die Rolle der Tante. Die Darstellung der schwermütigen Südstaatlerin Amanda Wingfield brachte ihr erneut gute Kritiken und wurde zu den Höhepunkten der damaligen Fernseh-Saison gezählt.

Daneben trat sie aber weiterhin in Filmen auf, so spielte sie in dem Western Mit Dynamit und frommen Sprüchen eine resolute Pfarrerstochter, die sich mit John Wayne bissige Wortgefechte liefert.

In ihrer langen Karriere errang sie insgesamt vier Oscars als Hauptdarstellerin — ein nach wie vor unerreichter Rekord.

Später spielte sie hauptsächlich in Fernsehfilmen wie Mrs. Am Da sie nicht als Katharine Smith auftreten wollte, überredete sie ihren Mann, seinen Namen zu ändern.

Die Ehe hielt sechs Jahre und wurde in Mexiko geschieden. Danach war sie einige Jahre mit Howard Hughes liiert. Später lebte sie 26 Jahre mit ihrem Kollegen Spencer Tracy in einer geheim gehaltenen Beziehung, die erst nach seinem Tod an die Öffentlichkeit kam.

Von bis zu Tracys Tod waren die beiden ein Paar. Nur seine Interessen und Bedürfnisse zählten. Das war nicht so einfach für mich, weil ich eine entschiedene Egozentrikerin war.

In der Öffentlichkeit traten die Schauspieler nie zusammen auf. Auch blieb Tracy — vermutlich wegen seiner römisch-katholischen Erziehung — mit seiner Frau verheiratet, lebte aber mit Katharine Hepburn zusammen.

Alle Bekannten wussten von der Beziehung und tolerierten sie bis zuletzt stillschweigend. Katharine Hepburn half ihrem Lebensgefährten dabei, mit seiner Alkoholsucht fertigzuwerden, und beriet ihn bei der Auswahl von Filmrollen.

Auch drehten sie neun gemeinsame Filme. Von bis unterbrach Hepburn ihre Filmkarriere, um den herzkranken Tracy zu pflegen.

Er starb kurz nach den Dreharbeiten zu Rat mal, wer zum Essen kommt durch Herzversagen. Obwohl sie Tracy bis zu seinem Tod gepflegt hatte, erschien sie aus Rücksicht auf seine Ehefrau nicht zu dessen Beerdigung.

Katharine Hepburn war dafür bekannt, dass sie den üblichen Hollywood-Glamour ablehnte. Bei Preisverleihungen war sie nur selten selbst zugegen, keinen ihrer vier Oscars hat sie persönlich abgeholt.

Her early years in film were marked with success, including an Academy Award for Best Actress for her third picture, Morning Glory , but this was followed by a series of commercial failures culminating in the critically lauded but commercially unsuccessful comedy Bringing Up Baby , a pairing with Cary Grant.

Hepburn masterminded her own comeback, buying out her contract with RKO Radio Pictures and acquiring the film rights to The Philadelphia Story , which she sold on the condition that she be the star.

That comedy film, again co-starring Grant, was a box office success and landed her a third Academy Award nomination, plus won her other co-star, James Stewart , his only Academy Award.

Both movies are now considered among the greatest comedy films. In the s, she began a screen and romantic partnership with Spencer Tracy , which spanned 26 years and nine movies, although the romance with the married Tracy was hidden from the public.

The partnership began with Woman of the Year , continued with Adam's Rib , both being "battle of the sexes" romantic comedies, and concluded with the race-issue drama Guess Who's Coming to Dinner , also starring Sidney Poitier ; Tracy died shortly after the movie's filming.

Hepburn challenged herself in the latter half of her life, as she tackled Shakespearean stage productions and a range of literary roles. She found a niche playing middle-aged spinsters, such as in The African Queen , which landed her another Academy Award nomination.

Suddenly, Last Summer was another commercial and critical success and landed her another Oscar nomination. In the s, she began appearing in television films, which later became the focus of her career.

She made her final screen appearance at the age of After a period of inactivity and ill health, Hepburn died in at the age of Hepburn famously shunned the Hollywood publicity machine, and refused to conform to society's expectations of women.

She was outspoken, assertive, and athletic, and wore trousers before they were fashionable for women. She was briefly married as a young woman, but thereafter lived independently.

With her unconventional lifestyle and the independent characters she brought to the screen, Hepburn epitomized the "modern woman" in the 20th-century United States, and is remembered as an important cultural figure.

Hepburn was born on May 12, , in Hartford, Connecticut , the second of six children. Both parents fought for social change in the US: Thomas Hepburn helped establish the New England Social Hygiene Association , which educated the public about venereal disease , [1] while the elder Katharine headed the Connecticut Woman Suffrage Association and later campaigned for birth control with Margaret Sanger.

The young Hepburn was a tomboy who liked to call herself Jimmy, and cut her hair short. In March , Hepburn, 13, and her year-old brother Tom were visiting New York, staying with a friend of their mother's in Greenwich Village over the Easter break.

On March 30, Hepburn discovered the body of her adored older brother dead from an apparent suicide. It was not until her autobiography, Me: Stories of My Life , that Hepburn revealed her true birth date.

In Hepburn gained a place at Bryn Mawr College. She attended the institution primarily to satisfy her mother, who had studied there, but ultimately found the experience to be fulfilling.

Once her marks had improved, she began performing regularly. Hepburn left university determined to become an actress. Knopf , who ran a successful stock theatre company.

She was criticized for her shrill voice, and so left Baltimore to study with a voice tutor in New York City. A week before opening, the lead was fired and replaced with Hepburn, which gave her a starring role only four weeks into her theatre career.

Undeterred, Hepburn joined forces with the producer Arthur Hopkins and accepted the role of a schoolgirl in These Days. Her Broadway debut came on November 12, , at the Cort Theatre , but reviews for the show were poor, and it closed after eight nights.

In early December, after only two weeks, she quit to marry Ludlow Ogden Smith , a college acquaintance. She planned to leave the theatre behind, but began to miss the work and quickly resumed the understudy role in Holiday , which she held for six months.

She felt the role was perfect, but again, she was fired. In the spring of , Hepburn joined a theatre company in Stockbridge, Massachusetts.

She left halfway through the summer season, and continued studying with a drama tutor. She was released from the role after the playwright took a dislike to her, saying "She looks a fright, her manner is objectionable, and she has no talent", but Hepburn was re-hired when no other actress could be found.

Hepburn appeared in a number of plays with a summer stock company in Ivoryton, Connecticut , and she proved to be a hit.

They began rehearsals in November, Hepburn feeling sure the role would make her a star, but Howard disliked the actress and again she was fired.

The Warrior's Husband proved to be Hepburn's breakout performance. Biographer Charles Higham states that the role was ideal for the actress, requiring an aggressive energy and athleticism, and she enthusiastically involved herself with its production.

Hepburn's first entrance called for her to leap down a narrow stairway with a stag over her shoulder, wearing a short silver tunic. The show ran for three months, and Hepburn received positive reviews.

Selznick recounted that he took a "tremendous chance" in casting the unusual actress. Hepburn arrived in California in July , at 25 years old. Miss Hepburn's characterization is one of the finest seen on the screen".

She has a vital something that sets her apart from the picture galaxy. Hepburn's second film was Christopher Strong , the story of an aviator and her affair with a married man.

The picture was not commercially successful, but Hepburn's reviews were good. She is a distinct, definite, positive personality.

She had seen the script on the desk of producer Pandro S. Berman and, convinced that she was born to play the part, insisted that the role be hers.

The picture was a hit, one of the film industry's biggest successes to date, [48] and Hepburn won the Best Actress prize at the Venice Film Festival.

Little Women was one of Hepburn's personal favorites and she was proud of her performance, later saying, "I defy anyone to be as good [as Jo] as I was".

By the end of , Hepburn was a respected film actress, but she yearned to prove herself on Broadway. Hepburn's role in the movie was Trigger Hicks, an uneducated mountain girl.

Though it did well at the box office, Spitfire is widely considered one of Hepburn's worst films, and she received poor reviews for the effort.

The Lake previewed in Washington, D. It opened at the Martin Beck Theatre on December 26, , and Hepburn was roundly panned by the critics.

Hepburn loved the book and was delighted to be offered the role. She received the second most votes, after winner Bette Davis.

Given the choice of her next feature, Hepburn decided to star in George Cukor's new project, Sylvia Scarlett , which paired her for the first time with Cary Grant.

Critics disliked Sylvia Scarlett and it was unpopular with the public. Neither movie was popular with the public, which meant she had made four unsuccessful pictures in a row.

Alongside a series of unpopular films, problems arose from Hepburn's attitude. It had a successful tour, [88] but, uncertain about the script and unwilling to risk failure after the disaster of The Lake , Hepburn decided against taking the show to Broadway.

Selznick refused to offer her the part because he felt she had no sex appeal. He reportedly told Hepburn, "I can't see Rhett Butler chasing you for twelve years.

Hepburn's next feature, Stage Door , paired her with Ginger Rogers in a role that mirrored her own life—that of a wealthy society girl trying to make it as an actress.

She approached the physical comedy of the film with confidence, [94] and took tips on comedic timing from her co-star Walter Catlett.

Scott Berg believes the blame lay with moviegoers' rejection of Hepburn. After the release of Bringing up Baby , the Independent Theatre Owners of America included Hepburn on a list of actors considered "box office poison".

No other star, either, has become so unpopular so quickly for so long a time. Following this decline in her career, Hepburn took action to create her own comeback vehicle.

She left Hollywood to look for a stage project, and signed on to star in Philip Barry's new play, The Philadelphia Story. It was tailored to showcase the actress, with the character of socialite Tracy Lord incorporating a mixture of humor, aggression, nervousness, and vulnerability.

Several of the major film studios approached Hepburn to produce the movie version of Barry's play. As part of the deal she also received the director of her choice, George Cukor , and picked James Stewart and Cary Grant to whom she ceded top-billing as co-stars.

A lot of people want to see me fall flat on my face. The perfect conception of all flighty, but characterful, Main Line socialite gals rolled into one, the story without her is almost inconceivable.

Hepburn was also responsible for the development of her next project, the romantic comedy Woman of the Year about a political columnist and a sports reporter whose relationship is threatened by her self-centered independence.

The idea for the film was proposed to her by Garson Kanin in , who recalled how Hepburn contributed to the script. On Hepburn and Tracy's first day on set together, she allegedly told Tracy "I'm afraid I'm too tall for you" to which Tracy replied "Don't worry Miss Hepburn, I'll soon cut you down to my size.

Critics praised the chemistry between the stars, and, says Higham, noted Hepburn's "increasing maturity and polish".

During the course of the movie, Hepburn signed a star contract with MGM. In , Hepburn returned to Broadway to appear in another Philip Barry play, Without Love , which was also written with the actress in mind.

A dark mystery with a propaganda message on the dangers of fascism, the film was seen by Hepburn as an opportunity to make a worthy political statement.

Since Woman of the Year , Hepburn had committed to a romantic relationship with Tracy and dedicated herself to helping the star, who suffered from alcoholism and insomnia.

She took an atypical role in , playing a Chinese peasant in the high-budget drama Dragon Seed. Hepburn was enthusiastic about the film, but it met with a tepid response and she was described as miscast.

Hepburn's next film was Undercurrent , a film noir with Robert Taylor and Robert Mitchum that was poorly received. Similarly to Keeper of the Flame and Without Love , a lukewarm response from critics did not stop it from being a financial success both at home and abroad.

She trained intensively with a pianist for the role. Viewed by some as dangerously progressive, she was not offered work for nine months and people reportedly threw things at screenings of Song of Love.

Tracy and Hepburn appeared onscreen together for a third consecutive year in the film Adam's Rib. Like Woman of the Year , it was a "battle of the sexes" comedy and was written specifically for the duo by their friends Garson Kanin and Ruth Gordon.

A story of married lawyers who oppose each other in court, Hepburn described it as "perfect for [Tracy] and me". The s saw Hepburn take on a series of professional challenges, and stretch herself further than at any other point in her life at an age when most other actresses began to retreat.

She hoped to prove that she could play already established material, [28] and said, "It's better to try something difficult and flop than to play it safe all the time.

Reviews for Hepburn varied, but she was noted as the only leading lady in Hollywood who was performing high-caliber material onstage.

The first successful film she had made without Tracy since The Philadelphia Story a decade earlier, it proved that she could be a hit without him and fully reestablished her popularity.

Hepburn went on to make the sports comedy Pat and Mike , the second film written specifically as a Tracy—Hepburn vehicle by Kanin and Gordon.

She was a keen athlete, and Kanin later described this as his inspiration for the film: "As I watched Kate playing tennis one day Her parents had read Shaw to her when she was a child, which made the play a special experience for the actress.

Pat and Mike was the last film Hepburn completed on her MGM contract, making her free to select her own projects. The movie was filmed in Venice, with Hepburn playing a lonely spinster who has a passionate love affair.

She described it as "a very emotional part" and found it fascinating to work with Lean. The tour was successful and Hepburn earned significant plaudits for the effort.

Hepburn received an Academy Award nomination for the second year running for her work opposite Burt Lancaster in The Rainmaker Again she played a lonely woman empowered by a love affair, and it became apparent that Hepburn had found a niche in playing "love-starved spinsters" that critics and audiences enjoyed.

It wasn't difficult for me to play those women, because I'm the maiden aunt. Hepburn played a cold-hearted Soviet pilot, a performance Bosley Crowther called "horrible".

Tracy and Hepburn reunited on screen for the first time in five years for the office-based comedy Desk Set Berg notes that it worked as a hybrid of their earlier romantic-comedy successes and Hepburn's spinster persona, [] but it performed poorly at the box-office.

The shows were positively received. After two years away from the screen, Hepburn starred in a film adaptation of Tennessee Williams ' controversial play Suddenly, Last Summer with Elizabeth Taylor and Montgomery Clift.

The movie was shot in London, and was "a completely miserable experience" for Hepburn. Mankiewicz during filming, which culminated with her spitting at him in disgust.

She makes dialogue sound better than it is by a matchless beauty and clarity of diction". It was a low-budget production, and she appeared in the film for a tenth of her established salary.

It remains one of her most praised performances. The movie dealt with the subject of interracial marriage, with Hepburn's niece, Katharine Houghton , playing her daughter.

Tracy was dying by this point, suffering the effects of heart disease, [] and Houghton later commented that her aunt was "extremely tense" during the production.

Guess Who's Coming to Dinner was a triumphant return for Hepburn and her most commercially successful picture to that point. Hepburn felt the award was not just for her, but was also given to honor Tracy.

Hepburn quickly returned to acting after Tracy's death, choosing to preoccupy herself as a remedy against grief. Hepburn's next appearance was in The Madwoman of Chaillot , which she filmed in Nice immediately after completing The Lion in Winter.

She admitted that before the show, she had never sat through a theatrical musical. Hepburn stayed active throughout the s, focusing on roles described by Andrew Britton as "either a devouring mother or a batty old lady living [alone]".

When asked why she had taken the role, she responded that she wanted to broaden her range and try everything while she still had time.

In , she signed on to star in an adaptation of Graham Greene 's Travels with My Aunt , but was unhappy with early versions of the script and took to rewriting it herself.

The studio disliked her changes; so, Hepburn abandoned the project and was replaced with Maggie Smith.

In , Hepburn ventured into television for the first time, starring in a production of Tennessee Williams' The Glass Menagerie.

She had been wary of the medium, but it proved to be one of the main television events of the year, scoring high in the Nielsen ratings. It received positive reviews and high ratings, and earned Hepburn her only Emmy Award.

Hepburn made her only appearance at the Academy Awards in , to present the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award to Lawrence Weingarten.

She received a standing ovation, and joked with the audience, "I'm very happy I didn't hear anyone call out, 'It's about time'.

Echoing her African Queen character, Hepburn again played a deeply religious spinster who teams up with a masculine loner to avenge a family member's death.

Its casting was enough to draw some people to the box office, but it did not meet studio expectations and was only moderately successful.

The role of eccentric Mrs. Basil was deemed a perfect showcase for the actress, [] and the play was popular despite poor reviews.

The adventure comedy was one of the biggest failures of her career—the screenwriter James Prideaux , who worked with Hepburn, later wrote that it "died at the moment of release" and referred to it as her "lost film".

It was the last of ten films Hepburn made with George Cukor , and gained her a third Emmy nomination. By the s, Hepburn had developed a noticeable tremor , giving her a permanently shaking head.

Henry Fonda won his only Academy Award for his role in the movie, the third male screen legend after James Stewart and Humphrey Bogart who won his only Academy Award acting alongside Hepburn.

Homer Dickens, in his book on Hepburn, notes that it was widely considered a sentimental win, "a tribute to her enduring career". Hepburn also returned to the stage in She received a second Tony nomination for her portrayal in The West Side Waltz of a septuagenarian widow with a zest for life.

Variety observed that the role was "an obvious and entirely acceptable version of [Hepburn's] own public image". In , Hepburn starred in the dark-comedy Grace Quigley , the story of an elderly woman who enlists a hitman Nick Nolte to kill her.

Hepburn found humor in the morbid theme, but reviews were negative and the box-office was poor. Delafield Wants to Marry , then two years later returned for the comedy Laura Lansing Slept Here , which allowed her to act with her grandniece, Schuyler Grant.

In , Hepburn released her autobiography, Me: Stories of my Life , which topped best-seller lists for over a year.

In she worked opposite Anthony Quinn in This Can't Be Love , which was largely based on Hepburn's own life, with numerous references to her personality and career.

These later roles have been described as "a fictional version of the typically feisty Kate Hepburn character" and critics have remarked that Hepburn was essentially playing herself.

Hepburn's final appearance in a theatrically released film, and her first since Grace Quigley nine years earlier, was Love Affair At 87 years old, she played a supporting role, alongside Annette Bening and Warren Beatty.

It was the only film of Hepburn's career, other than the cameo appearance in Stage Door Canteen , in which she did not play a leading role.

Hepburn was known for being fiercely private, [] and would not give interviews or talk to fans for much of her career. Hepburn's relentless energy and enthusiasm for life are often cited in biographies, [] while a headstrong independence became key to her celebrity status.

Scott Berg knew Hepburn well in her later years, and said that while she was demanding, she retained a sense of humility and humanity. The actress led an active life, reportedly swimming and playing tennis every morning.

Don't be a 'no' person. Her name was mentioned at the hearings of the House Un-American Activities Committee , but Hepburn denied being a Communist sympathizer.

I believe there's nothing we can know, except that we should be kind to each other and do what we can for other people.

Hepburn liked to go barefoot , [] and for her first acting role in the play The Woman in the Moon she insisted that her character Pandora should not wear shoes.

That's why I've always worn pants Hepburn's only marriage was to Ludlow Ogden Smith, a socialite-businessman from Philadelphia whom she met while a student at Bryn Mawr.

The couple wed on December 12, , when she was 21 and he was Ogden Ludlow at her behest so that she would not be "Kate Smith", which she considered too plain.

Hepburn often expressed her gratitude toward Smith for his financial and moral support in the early days of her career, and in her autobiography called herself "a terrible pig" for exploiting his love.

Soon after moving to California, Hepburn began a relationship with her agent, Leland Hayward , although they were both married. She had been introduced to him a year earlier by their mutual friend Cary Grant.

Hepburn stuck to her decision not to remarry, and made a conscious choice not to have children. She believed that motherhood requires a full-time commitment, and said it was not one she was willing to make.

Mann released a biography of the actress in which he argued this was the case. The most significant relationship of Hepburn's life was with Spencer Tracy , her co-star in nine films.

In her autobiography, she wrote, "It was a unique feeling that I had for [Tracy]. I would have done anything for him. Although he and his wife Louise had been living separate lives since the s, there was never an official split and neither party pursued a divorce.

With Tracy determined to conceal the relationship with Hepburn from his wife, it had to remain private.

Tracy's health declined in the s, and Hepburn took a five-year break in her career to care for him. I can only say that I could never have left him.

Hepburn stated in her eighties, "I have no fear of death. Must be wonderful, like a long sleep. The decision was made not to medically intervene, [] and she died from cardiac arrest on June 29, , a month after her 96th birthday at the Hepburn family home in Fenwick, Connecticut.

She was buried in Cedar Hill Cemetery in Hartford. Hepburn requested that there be no memorial service. Hepburn's death received considerable public attention.

Many tributes were held on television, and newspapers and magazines dedicated issues to the actress. Bush said Hepburn "will be remembered as one of the nation's artistic treasures".

According to reports, Hepburn was not an instinctive actor. She can work till everyone drops. The characters Hepburn played were, with very few exceptions, wealthy and intelligent, and often strong and independent.

It seems to have worked time and time again. Hepburn is one of the most celebrated American actresses, [] but she has also been criticized for a lack of versatility.

Her on-screen persona closely matched her own real personality, something Hepburn admitted herself. In she told a journalist, "I think I'm always the same.

I had a very definite personality, and I liked material that showed that personality. Icon or no icon, let's not confuse a truly fascinating and unique woman with a superior actress.

Hepburn is considered an important and influential cultural figure. Ros Horton and Sally Simmons included her in their book Women Who Changed The World , which honors 50 women who helped shape world history and culture.

Regarding Hepburn's film legacy, one of her biographers, Sheridan Morley , said she "broke the mold" for women in Hollywood, [] where she brought a new breed of strong-willed females to the screen.

Off screen, Hepburn's lifestyle was ahead of her time, [] coming to symbolize the "modern woman" and playing a part in changing gender attitudes.

Hepburn provided an image of an assertive woman whom [females] could watch and learn from. She was beautiful, but she did not rely on that.

Hepburn's legacy extends to fashion, where she pioneered wearing trousers at a time when it was a radical move for a woman. Hepburn has been honored with several memorials.

The Turtle Bay community in New York City, where she maintained a residence for over 60 years, dedicated a garden in her name in It is dedicated to both the actress and her mother, and encourages women to address important issues affecting their gender.

The center awards the annual Katharine Hepburn Medal, which "recognizes women whose lives, work and contributions embody the intelligence, drive and independence of the four-time-Oscar-winning actress" and whose award recipients "are chosen on the basis of their commitment and contributions to the Hepburn women's greatest passions—civic engagement and the arts".

Selections from the New York collection, which documents Hepburn's theatrical career, were presented in a five-month exhibition, Katharine Hepburn: In Her Own Files , in Hepburn is the subject of a one-woman play, Tea at Five , written by Matthew Lombardo.

The first act features Hepburn in , after being labeled "box office poison", and the second act in , where she reflects on her life and career.

This marked the first instance where the portrayal of an Academy Award-winning actress itself won an Academy Award.

Hepburn won four Academy Awards , the record number for a performer, and received a total of 12 Oscar nominations for Best Actress —a number surpassed only by Meryl Streep.

Hepburn was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame in She also won a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Screen Actors Guild in and received the Kennedy Center Honors , which recognize a lifetime of accomplishments in the arts, in Hepburn was recognized by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for the following performances:.

Kathrin Hepburn
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